Gregorio Sciltian (1900-1985) was
artist of Russian birth, who fled the
Russian Revolution in 1919 and settled in Italy in 1923. After
an extended stay in Paris from 1927 to 1937, he returned to
Italy and in 1947 he founded "Modern Painters of Reality" with Pietro Annigoni, Antonio Bueno and others. Sciltian is well
known for his portraiture and his trompe-l'oeil compositions.
He is a representative for the long-standing tradition
of illusionistic painting that dates back to the Middle Ages.
Sciltian however added a measure of Metaphysical art which
links his compositions to the movement of Italian branch of Magic Realism.